Medical Library

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  • Pelvic Floor Tension/Pain

    Pelvic floor muscle tension or pain may occur in the anatomical sling of muscles which support the bladder, uterus and rectum. It can be caused by muscle imbalances, nerve or joint problems, scar tissue from surgery, childbirth, endometriosis or after radiation. Pelvic pain can also be caused by hemorrhoids, anal fissures, organ prolapse or constipation.

    One who suffers from pelvic floor pain/tension may experience painful intercourse, difficulty sitting, pain in the buttocks, hips, lower abdomen or low back.

    Imbalances in the muscles surrounding the pelvis can cause Vulvar Vestibulitis, Vulvodynia, Interstitial Cystitis or Vaginismus.

    Rehabilitation may include pelvic floor relaxation training, manual therapies, postural and therapeutic exercise, electrical stimulation and biofeedback.

  • Possible Treatments

  • Possible Treatment Goals

    • Decrease Risk of Reoccurrence
    • Improve Fitness
    • Improve Function
    • Improve Muscle Strength and Power
    • Improve Proprioception
    • Improve Relaxation
    • Self-care of Symptoms
    • Improve Tolerance for Prolonged Activities
  • Additional Resources


The information in this medical library is intended for informational and educational purposes only and in no way should be taken to be the provision or practice of physical therapy, medical, or professional healthcare advice or services. The information should not be considered complete or exhaustive and should not be used for diagnostic or treatment purposes without first consulting with your physical therapist, occupational therapist, physician or other healthcare provider. The owners of this website accept no responsibility for the misuse of information contained within this website.

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